March 22 by Ray Sahelian, M. Lignan is a chemical found in the cell walls of plants. Plants contain several different families of natural substances among which are compounds with weak estrogenic or antiestrogenic activity in humans. These substances, termed phytoestrogensinclude certain isoflavonoids, flavonoids, stilbenes, and lignans.
Abstract Isoflavones have potential for preventing and treating several chronic health conditions, such as osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. In this study, radiolabeled isoflavones were recovered from kudzu Pueraria lobata root cultures after incubation with uniformly labeled 14C-sucrose in the culture medium for 21 days.
HPLC-PDA analysis revealed the predominant isoflavones isolated from kudzu root cultures to be puerarin, daidzin, and malonyl-daidzin. The average concentration of the major isoflavone puerarin in kudzu root cultures was The isolated isoflavones were sufficiently 14C-labeled to permit utilization for subsequent in vivo metabolic tracking studies Keywords: The leguminous plant kudzu Pueraria lobata Willd.
Ohwi has been identified as a significant source of unique and physiologically beneficial isoflavones 45. Kudzu is regarded as a noxious weed in the U. The predominant isoflavones in kudzu have been identified as daidzein and genistein and their C- and O-glycosides, most notably the C-glycoside puerarin Figure 1 5.The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses..
Fat-free (defatted) soybean meal is a significant and cheap source of protein for animal feeds and many packaged kaja-net.com example, soybean products, such as textured vegetable protein (TVP), are ingredients in many meat and dairy substitutes.
The soybean isoflavone daidzein is activated to equol exclusively by intestinal bacteria, and this activation occurs only in a subset of humans. Equol shows biological properties superior to those of its precursor daidzein, suggesting that equol formation results in enhanced beneficial effects on human health (6, 7). Current interest in kudzu centers on its use as therapy for alcoholism, although sufficient and consistent clinical trials are lacking. Estrogenic activity of kudzu is also being investigated, although clinical trials are . Certain gut bacteria can supercharge the benefits of soy foods, resulting in even more bone protection, better control of menopausal symptoms, and lower prostate cancer risk.
Production of the Isoflavones Genistein and Daidzein in Non-Legume Dicot and Monocot Tissues. Oliver Yu, Identification of Free Isoflavones in Transgenic Plant Tissues.
Production of the Isoflavones Genistein and Daidzein in Non-Legume Dicot and Monocot Tissues.
Oliver Yu, Woosuk Jung. This paper describes the identification and quantification of the highly polar metabolites, daidzeinglucuronide-4′-sulfate (D-7G-4′S), genisteinglucuronide-4′-sulfate (G-7G-4′S), daidzein-4′,7-diglucuronide (D-4′,7-diG), and genistein-4′,7-diglucuronide (G-4′,7-diG) in human plasma after dietary administration of kinako (baked soybean powder) to two .
Daidzein can be found in food such as soybeans and soy products like tofu and textured vegetable protein. Soy isoflavones are a group of compounds found in and isolated from the soybean.
Soy isoflavones are a group of compounds found . Daidzein and genistein are converted by S. isoflavoniconvertens not only in vitro but also in vivo. Studies with S. isoflavoniconvertens and the mouse intestinal bacterium Enterorhabdus mucosicola indicated that expression of the isoflavone-converting enzymes is induced by their substrates (8, 11).
For a long time, nothing was known about the bacterial enzymes involved in isoflavone conversion. Using an high-performance (HPLC)-UV-diode-array detector (DAD) method combined with solid-phase extraction, we have obtained HPLC profiles of isoflavone glycosides [daidzin (Din) and genistin (Gin)] and of intact isoflavone metabolites in human plasma: daidzein, genistein, daizeinglucuronide, daidzein-4′-glucuronide, genisteinglucuronide, genistein-4′-glucuronide, daidzeinsulfate, daidzein-4′-sulfate, .