The Story We Tell 1: Yet it was written at a time when some inhabitants were held in bondage, and others were being dispossessed of their lands.
Wagner's last card As Cosima recorded in her diary on In the immediate context what he had in mind was a retort to Gobineauwho had characterized the Germans as the 'last card' of nature.
As John Deathridge has pointed out, this metaphor actually originated with August F. Pott in his critique of Gobineau, which Wagner had read. I do not mean, of course, that these subjects should be ignored.
Indeed they deserve to be addressed. What is unfortunate is that discussion of them soon turned into a war of words in which truth was the first casualty.
In the vanguard of those who attacked Wagner and his heritage in the postwar period was Theodor Adorno. Adorno suggested that some of the characters, such as Mime and Klingsorwere anti-Semitic caricatures.
Given Richard Wagner's frequent anti- Semitic remarks, many have found this claim plausible. Recent commentators have built upon Adorno's view of Wagner and his works, some of them notably Hartmut Zelinsky and Barry Millington developing ingenious theories about subtly-coded anti-Semitic and racist messages that they allege are cleverly hidden, deep in Wagner's libretti.
Despite the reservations expressed by reviewers about the quality of Gutman's scholarship, this book has been a best-seller; especially in the USA, where an entire generation of students has been encouraged to accept Gutman's caricature of Richard Wagner.
Even intelligent people, who have either never read Wagner's writings or tried to penetrate them and failed -- the situation is not made any more favourable to Wagner in the English-speaking world by the scarcity of good translations -- have read Gutman's book and accepted his opinions as facts.
Since Gutman's book was a seminal contribution to the ill-tempered debate about Wagner's alleged racism, the relevant sections of the book will be considered at length in this article. So remarkable that one might be tempted to believe that both this chapter and some fantastic passages earlier in the book such as his analysis of Tristan und Isolde had been written under the influence of the "mind-expanding" drugs that were popular on US campuses at that time.
Ignoring all considerations of chronology and taking no account of the available, relevant documentation e. Wagner's letters to Mathilde Wesendonk concerning the lengthy creative process which resulted in Parsifal, Gutman produced an interpretation of Wagner's last drama as a racist tract in which homosexuality and vegetarianism were prominent themes.
According to Gutman, the libretto of Parsifal was rooted in ideas that preoccupied Wagner in the last years of his life, specifically This is Gutman's central thesis concerning Parsifal.
Ignoring the fact that the first Prose Draft of Parsifal had been written long before this, Gutman supposed that the underlying ideas of Parsifal were those of social Darwinism.
He suggested that the embattled community of the Grail had been alarmed to observe natural selection working against its distinctive Aryanism So the distress of Monsalvat that emerges during act one -- and which has deepened by act three -- of Wagner's drama is, according to Gutman, a racial crisis.Caught between extraordinary public expectations and relatively modest constitutional authority, U.S.
presidents historically have fashioned all sorts of mechanisms—executive orders, proclamations, memoranda—by which to move their objectives forward. - Community and Race this essay has problems with format Community and race are directly related to each other.
Since community is a large society composed of a number of people with different backgrounds, people are categorized into several groups according to their ethnicity. Take one overwhelmingly male-centered and predominantly white society, add huge portions of power, racism, sexism, a misinformed public and gross displays of injustice, and you've got a .
Abdul-Jabbar is a six-time NBA champion and league Most Valuable Player. He is the author of the new book, Writings on the Wall. I sympathize with the dilemma of Rachel Dolezal, the head of the.
My President Was Black. A history of the first African American White House—and of what came next. Albrecht Dürer: The Genius with a Great Soul. Albrecht Dürer was not only the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance, but also a unique personality, his genius coexisting with a pure, noble character.