The omaha indians

This tribe coalesced and inhabited the area near the Ohio and Wabash rivers around year

The omaha indians

It conveys the oral histories of eighteenth-century migrations and separations from other groups Osage, Quapaw, The omaha indians in which the Omaha moved up the Mississippi River drainage basin.

Some early documents use the term Maha. Since the s there have emerged multiple spellings of the name in the Native American language community Umonhon, Umonha, Umaha.

Orientation Identification and Location. The Omaha are headquartered in and around the northeastern Nebraska town of Macy on a portion of their aboriginal lands retained under an treaty.

In the s greatly reduced reservation lands still encompassed portions of Thurston, Cuming, and Burt counties in Nebraska and Monona County in Iowa.

Omaha lands include the arable Missouri River bottom to the east bordered by steep sandstone bluffs covered with dense second-growth native timber on the Nebraska side of the river.

Fertile rolling upland prairie extends from the river, is crossed by several smaller streams, and is bounded by Logan Creek on the west. This region is subject to wide variations in temperature and moisture.

Records just before indicate an Omaha population of over two thousand. A smallpox epidemic in reduced that number by more than half, but a high birth rate and productive subsistence practices permitted a return to the earlier figure by the s.

The Omaha experienced years of displacement and famine that reduced their numbers to under eight hundred by the s.

The omaha indians

Indian agent records indicate a relatively steady population increase since the latter half of the nineteenth century in spite of intermittent epidemics. In the Omaha Tribe reported an enrolled population of over seven thousand.

Well over half the enrolled members live off-reservation in neighboring urban areas. Issues regarding minimum requirements of Omaha blood for enrollment and the status of nonenrolled Omahas are hotly debated.

The Omaha language is related, with increasing distance, to the Ponca, Osage, Kansa, and Quapaw languages. Linguists view Omaha and Ponca as dialects of the same language. Most Omahas see their language as separate from the politically distinct Northern and Southern Ponca.

Collectively, these five languages make up the Dhegiha subgroup of the Mississippi Valley branch of the Siouan language family. In the Omaha Tribe reported that less than 1 percent seventy of the enrolled members were fluent speakers.

Since the s tribal government and educational institutions have been using various versions of a orthography to produce some written materials.


History and Cultural Relations Omaha oral traditions acknowledge a migration to the Great Plains from the east. Archaeological evidence generally points to the Ohio River Valley region as a probable point of origin. Colonial European documents noted that the Omaha were in southwestern Minnesota and northwestern Iowa by the s.

They arrived at the Missouri River by For a time the Omaha dominated the Missouri River fur trade and had relations with French, Spanish, British, and later American traders. Introduced diseases and encroachment by hostile tribal groups from the north drove the Omaha to the mouth of the Platte River in the s.

The treaty established the current reservation while removing all other lands. Northern portions of the reservation were sold to the Winnebago in and The Omaha were immediately subjected to American colonial pressures for assimilation on the reservation that intervened in all aspects of their culture and society.

The Omaha were the first U. They have experienced land loss, boarding schools, and Christianization. In the Omaha voted to accept political reorganization under the Indian Reorganization Actending the role of the traditional Council of Seven.

The Omaha avoided termination of their sovereign nation status by federal policy makers in the s and have maintained a heritage of peace with non-Indians.

Settlements The Omaha are known to have occupied sites in Minnesota and South Dakota before moving into the Nebraska region. Established init was deserted and reoccupied several times because of disease and enemy attacks until its final abandonment in When the Omaha returned to the area on the newly formed reservation inthey divided into three villages: Oral histories recount that the Omaha learned about the earth lodge from the Ankara or the Pawnee.

While they lived in the eastern woodlands the Omaha had used barkcovered houses.

The omaha indians

Earth lodges up to 40 feet 12 meters in diameter were built for village use and often were arranged in accordance with matrilocal residence patterns.The Omaha Tribe of Nebraska is today governed by an elected council of seven members, officers, and a committee.

The traditional religion centered on the creator, Wakonda, and on dreams and visions. Bibliography. Barnes, R. H. ().

Omaha people | Revolvy

Two Crows Denies It: A History of Controversy in Omaha Sociology. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Page THE RELIGION OF THE OMAHAS. THE RELIGION OF THE OMAHAS AND PONKAS. BY THE REV. J. OWEN DORSEY. The idea of a Supreme Being is said to have existed among the Omahas and cognate tribes prior to the coming of civilization.

The Omaha Indians – True Nebraskans – Legends of America

Omaha Tribe – Omaha Indians (‘those going against the wind or current’). One of the 5 tribes of the so called Dhegiha group of the Siouan family, the other 4 being the Kansa, Quapaw, Osage, and Ponca.

Omaha Tribe – Omaha Indians (‘those going against the wind or current’). One of the 5 tribes of the so called Dhegiha group of the Siouan family, the other 4 being the Kansa, Quapaw, Osage, and Ponca.

Apr 02,  · The Omaha tribe began as a larger Woodland tribe comprising both the Omaha and Quapaw tribes. This tribe coalesced and inhabited the area near the Ohio and Wabash rivers around year [3] As the tribe migrated west, it split into what became the Omaha and the Quapaw tribes.

Omaha Tribe of Nebraska July 21, The Omaha are a federally recognized Native American tribe who live on the Omaha Reservation in northeastern Nebraska and western Iowa, United States.

Omaha Tribe of Nebraska | Nebraska Education on Location