A defining feature of Hinduism, caste encompasses a complex ordering of social groups on the basis of ritual purity. A person is considered a member of the caste into which he or she is born and remains within that caste until death, although the particular ranking of that caste may vary among regions and over time. Traditionalscholarship has described this more than 2,year-old system within the context of the four principal varnas, or large caste categories. In order of precedence these are the Brahmins priests and teachersthe Ksyatriyas rulers and soldiersthe Vaisyas merchants and tradersand the Shudras laborers and artisans.
The Caste System-- groups assigned by birth not personality. The Hindu conception of the social order is that people are different, and different people will fit well into different aspects of society. Social order or social class according to varna forms the framework of moral duties according to personal characteristics of individuals not necessarily birth.
Historically the caste system dates back to the Aryan invasion of India around 2, BC. Society is divided into four main groups with a fifth, "the untouchables," outside of the caste system. Passage from the Rig Veda: The world was formed from Purusa whose body is described as follows.
The intellectual and spiritual leaders. In our society, they would correspond to the philosophers, religious leaders, and teachers. Kshatriyas-- pronounced something like "kshot ree yahs" the born administrators formerly nobles, rajahs, and warriors.
The protectors of society. In our society, the politicians, police, and the military. The skillful producers of material things. In our society, the merchants. Shudras-- pronounced something like "shoo drrahs" the unskilled laborers or laboring class. The followers or the maintenance people.
The so-called menial workers or hard laborers. Advantages to the Caste system. The heritability of intelligence and factors of personality raise some interesting philosophical questions. What we would like people to be is not usually what they are.
Many persons would be more comfortable in their own social class. Unless unequals are separated into different classes, many persons would be "born losers.
The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste. It has origins in ancient India, and was transformed by various ruling elites in medieval, early-modern, and modern India, especially the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste. It has origins in ancient India, and was transformed by various ruling elites in medieval, early-modern, and modern India, especially the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. There are all kinds of folks that I will lump into the category of "caste apologists" that will find any excuse to blame the evils of the caste-system on outside influence, while praising the spiritual merits of the same system as something brilliant and unprecedented.
Egalitarianism is the belief that privileges are proportional to the responsibilities and a denial of the tyranny of the majority. The spirit is independent of the body and the situation the spirit is in.
Passage from the Gita: At the subhuman level the passage is almost automatic up the chain of being.
At the human level comes consciousness which implies freedom, responsibility, and effort. The consequences of your past decisions have determined your present state.
Law of Karma--the moral law of action and reaction. The present condition of your soul confusion or serenity is a product of your past decisions. You have made yourself what you are.
Your present thoughts, decisions, and actions determine your future states. Every person gets what that person deserves--even though decisions are freely arrived at, there is no chance in the universe.
Karma is the middle way between determinism and indeterminism. The assumption is that we will not change the world in any significant way--the world is the training ground for Atman-Brahman.
There is no randomness or accident in the universe.The Caste System--(groups assigned by birth not personality). The Hindu conception of the social order is that people are different, and different people will fit well into different aspects of society. The caste system was not absolute during much of Indian history.
For example, the renowned Gupta Dynasty, which ruled from to CE, were from the Vaishya caste rather than the Kshatriya. Many later rulers also were from different castes, such as the Madurai Nayaks (r.
. A person is considered a member of the caste into which he or she is born and remains within that caste until death, although the particular ranking of that caste may vary among regions and over time.
Differences in status are traditionally justified by the religious doctrine of karma. Start studying Chapter 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Search. What other religions don't fit into this category? Indigenous and tribal dont fall into the category. According to Hinduism what causes one to be born into . How do they fit into the general scheme of things? What is their destiny or future?
The highest caste is Brahman, and they are the priest caste of Hinduism. After them are the Kshatria, who are the warrior castes. but little agreement exists as to what other prayers should be chanted.
Most Hindus worship Shiva, Vishnu, or the Goddess. There is this story of Adi Shankara meeting a untouchable. The story goes like this. Adi Shankara after finishing his bath in the holy Ganga in Varanasi, while proceeding with his journey, he encountered an untouchable with four dogs.